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Reduced Soil Erosion: One of the primary benefits of no-till farming is the reduction in soil erosion. With no-till farming, there’s minimal soil disruption – furrows are created, and seeds are planted and covered up. Less soil disruption leads to less soil erosion, from wind and water.  Click the link to learn more about no till farming’s effects on soil.

No-Till Leads To More Fertile Soil: Tilling a field year after year can damage the structure and ecology of the soil, eventually rendering it less fertile or infertile. In no till farming, the residue from previous crops is left on the surface and allowed to break down, providing valuable nutrients in a slow, time-release manner as the crop is growing.

History Of No-Till Farming: Mechanized no-till farming has its origins in the United States in the 1960s, thanks to new herbicides that were introduced in the 1940s and 1950s. These herbicides enabled farmers to control weeds, without having to turn over the soil. With each passing year, more farmers are switching some or all of their fields to no-tillage, in large part because of ever-improving no-till equipment and techniques.

No-Till Farming Costs Less: No-till planting can lead to significant savings in labor, fuel, machinery overhead, and tractor hours. With no-till seeding, there’s one pass across the field, compared to 3-5 passes for conventional tillage.

No-Till Can Increase Crop Yields: As fields transition from tillage to no-till, the soil becomes more structured, and water is conserved within the soil, which can lead to higher crop yields.

Herbicides And Fertilizers: Once the soil reaches a new equilibrium of organic matter level, no-till cropping can be more fertilizer efficient. Phosphorus fertilizers are particularly efficient in no-till, since stirring the soil with tillage causes P fertilizers to become more tightly bound to soil particles and unavailable to plants. With no-till, herbicides are generally still used for weed control.

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